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How are vulval problems diagnosed?

Compassionate support for intimate concerns

The vulva can be affected by a range of conditions that can cause discomfort and disrupt daily activities, but the majority can be effectively managed with proper diagnosis and treatment.



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What are the common symptoms to look out for?

  • Itching, burning or pain: These can range from mild to severe, and can significantly impact your quality of life.
  • Redness and swelling: Discolouration or inflammation of the vulva can be present.
  • Usual discharge: Changes in discharge colour, consistency or odour may indicate an underlying issue.
  • Lumps or bumps: The presence of new lumps or bumps on any part of the body, particularly the vulva warrants investigation.

How are vulval problems diagnosed?

  • Reviewing your medical history: Underlying causes of vulva problems can range from the use of certain detergents to fluctuations in your hormonal level, so it is crucial we have an understanding of your medical history as a starting point.
  • Physical examination: This allows for a more detailed understanding of your individual symptoms
  • Potentially other tests: With a review of your medical history and physical examination as a starting point, we may carry out further tests like swabs, biopsies or blood tests to hone in on the suspected cause.




Following a diagnosis, our private gynaecologists in Oxford can offer various treatment options. Rest assured this will always be tailored to your specific needs. In selected cases, you may benefit more from being referred to a genito-urinary specialist or a dermatologist with vulval expertise but this can be discussed once you have been assessed by our team.