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How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

Understanding ovarian cysts and diagnoses

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form on one of both ovaries, affecting many women during their childbearing years. Fortunately, most cysts are benign (non-cancerous) and cause no symptoms, often disappearing on their own within a few months, while others can cause discomfort and may require medical attention.



woman at home suffering from menstrual pain, taking painkillers, warming lower abdomen with a hot water bottle

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

  • Pelvic pain or pressure: This can range from a dull ache to a sharp pain, and is the result of a cyst pressing on surrounding organs or irritating tissues and nerves.
  • Bloating or swelling in the lower abdomen: This sensation may come and go or be constant
  • Difficulty emptying your bowels or bladder: The added pressure can lead to either difficulty having a complete bowel movement or cause frequent urination
  • Pain during intercourse: This is likely the case if the cyst is located near the fallopian tubes or ovaries
  • Irregular or heavy periods: Hormonal fluctuations can influence both ovarian cyst formation and menstrual cycles, disrupting hormone production and interfering with periods.


How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

  • Pelvic exam: Your gynaecologist will gently feel your abdomen and pelvic organs to assess for abnormalities or tenderness.
  • Ultrasound scan: This allows us to visualise the cyst's size, location, shape and characteristics and differentiate between a fluid-filled cyst and a solid mass. This tends to give a clearer indication of the nature of the cyst and whether it is likely to be cancerous or not.
  • Blood tests: This allows us to check your hormone levels and rule out other potential causes of your symptoms. Blood tests may include tumour marker tests to reassure us that we are not dealing with a cancerous cyst.

gynecologist examining results of ultrasound diagnostics of pelvic organs




In line with our personalised approach and dedication to patient care, we can offer surgical treatments following the diagnosis of ovarian cysts, depending on the features of the cyst and your case particulars.